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UHY Global Study: Low Canadian wage levies encourage employment ...

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(February 22, 2016) The average wage levy cost to Canadian employers has dropped by 20.1% since 2012, and now accounts for just 7.4% of an employee’s annual salary. This is well below the global average of 20.5%, according to a global new study by UHY, the international accounting and consultancy network.

The study looked at employer wages levies on a salary of $30,000 (USD).

UHY says that employers in Canada are now paying an average of $2,206 (USD)/year in employment “taxes” – on top of employees’ wages - for an employee earning $30,000 (USD). UHY says that this relatively low level of wage levies could help boost Canadian job creation and real income growth.

The UHY study found that there has been a global drop in the amount that employers pay in wage levies of approximately 5% (to 20.5% from 21.6% of an employee’s salary - see table below). However it says that the global average still remains high, with many countries seeing sizable increases since 2012. For example, according to UHY, employers in the Netherlands, China, Israel, and France have incurred substantial increases in their employment costs (see table below).

Ken Shemie of UHY Victor (Montreal) comments: “By keeping a lid on employment-related taxes, Canada is helping to boost employment and support much-needed growth. That is increasingly important considering the impact of the low oil and commodity prices on Canada’s economy.”

“At a time when the global economy is gradually returning to health and the recovery is still fragile, policies that encourage job creation are vital.”

China has experienced one of the largest increases of any country in the study: The amount of employer wage levies has increased by a third since 2012. Chinese employers are now paying an average of $12,518 (USD)/year in employment costs for an employee earning $30,000 (USD), equating to 42.0% of an employee’s salary.

UHY studied data in 29 countries across its international network, calculating the amount of wage levies that employers have to make, such as government pensions and social security contributions (see table below).

Brazil has the highest taxes and compulsory insurance costs for employers of any country in the study, at 71.4% of a $30,000 (USD) salary. This is 19 times higher than the country with the lowest employment costs in the study – Egypt, where firms pay just 3.7%.

Significant differences in employment costs across G7 economies

Overall, employers in the G7 economies saw that their wage levies have fallen by almost 20.2% since 2012, and they now pay less than the global average of 20.5%.

Several G7 nations – notably Canada, the US and the UK – have comparatively low employment costs, while France and Italy’s costs remain high (at 42.7% and 38.6% respectively).

Increased prevalence of targeted incentives to tackle unemployment

UHY adds that many countries seek to encourage employment by providing incentives to create new jobs. These are often targeted at specific groups, such as the unemployed, or those starting their first jobs.

Ken Shemie explains: “Governments recognize the logic of reducing employment taxes, and the Canadian Federal and Provincial governments have established many such programs. For example, in Canada employers can receive tax credits for training newly-qualified employees. However, based on our experience, too many programs and exceptions can result in an overly complex tax system.”



Tax, social security and other payments made by employers on top of salaries payments as % of gross salary 2015 – ranked by percentage change since 2012

GROSS ANNUAL SALARY of $30,000 (USD)

# Country Employment tax paid by employers in USD Percentage of gross salary paid in employment tax % change in proportion of employment taxes paid since 2012
1 Netherlands $4,431 14.8% 121.1%
2 China** $12,518 42% 33%
3 Israel $5,039 16.8% 18.3%
4 France $12,797 42.7% 16%
BRIC Average $10,732 35.8% 7.8%
5 Japan $4,570 15.2% 3.5%
5= Australia $4,485 15% 3.5%
7 Brazil $16,467 71.4% 0%
7= Spain $10,018 33.4% 0%
7= India $3,600 12% 0%
7= Ireland $3,225 10.8% 0%
7= USA $2,652 8.8% 0%
12 Russia $5,400 18% -0.3%
13 United Kingdom $2,380 7.9% -2.6%
Global Average $6,141 20.5% -5%
14 UAE*** $2,182 7.3% -5.4%
Europe Average $6,531 21.8% -6.9%
15 Denmark $1,279 4.3% -10.2%
16 Germany $6,124 20.4% -10.5%
G7 Average $6,046 20.2% -17.9%
17 Canada $2,206 7.4% -20.1%
18 Italy $11,596 38.6% -25.4%
19 Mexico $4,115 13.7% -26.4%
20 Romania $6,930 23.1% -34.6%
Belgium $10,500 35% ****
Portugal $8,973 29.9% ****
Argentina $7,800 26% ****
Malta $6,959 22.8% ****
Poland $6,222 20.7% ****
Croatia $5,156 17.2% ****
Jamaica $3,080 10.6% ****
New Zealand $1,341 4.5% ****
Egypt $1,108 3.7% ****

*The other salary brackets examined are (USD15,000, USD30,000, USD75,000 and USD300,000) and can be consulted in the supporting report.

**Based on figures for Shanghai as a representative city of Chinese costs

***Including levies

****Unranked as 2012 data unavailable

About UHY Victor LLP
UHY Victor LLP is a member of UHY, an international network of independent accounting and consulting firms with offices in major business centres throughout the world. Further information can be found at www.uhyvictor.com.

Enquiries:
Ken Shemie kshemie@uhyvictor.com

Additional information for Editors

UHY International press contact: Dominique Maeremans on +44 20 7767 2621
Email: d.maeremans@uhy.com - www.uhy.com

About UHY
Established in 1986 and based in London, UK, UHY is a network of independent audit, accounting, tax and consulting firms with offices in over 320 major business centres across more than 90 countries.

Our staff members, over 7,600 strong, are proud to be part of the 16th largest international accounting and consultancy network. Each member of UHY is a legally separate and independent firm. For further information on UHY please go to www.uhy.com.

UHY is a full member of the Forum of Firms, an association of international networks of accounting firms. For additional information on the Forum of Firms, visit www.forumoffirms.org

Network Disclaimer:
UHY is an international association of independent accounting and consultancy firms, whose organising body is Urbach Hacker Young International Limited, a UK company. Each member of UHY is a separate and independent firm. Services to clients are provided by the UHY member firms and not by Urbach Hacker Young International Limited. Neither Urbach Hacker Young International Limited nor any member of UHY has any liability for services provided by other members.



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UHY VICTOR SENCRL • LLP
Société de comptables
professionnels agréés •
Partnership of Chartered
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UHY VICTOR UHY VICTOR LLP (the “Firm”) is a member of Urbach Hacker Young International Limited, a UK company, and forms part of the international UHY network of legally independent accounting and consulting firms. UHY is the brand name for the UHY international network. The services described herein are provided by the Firm and not by UHY or any other member firm of UHY. Neither UHY nor any member of UHY has any liability for services provided by other members.